3 best tablets for 2016.

What do we need tablet for? Surfing, watching movies and playing games. Most of todays offerings will provide all of that. So, what makes the difference between tablet models? Our guess is: built quality, diplay and quality/price ratio.

Built quality

First and important aspect is built quality. Tablets are tactile gadgets, you’ll be touching and almost hugging them more than laptop, tv, even your phone. When it comes to built quality winner is (no surprise there)- Apple Ipad. Which Ipad, you ask? We anwser- all of them. Aluminium unibody is solid, light and best in class.

Display

Display sizes vary from model to model. Bigger is not always better as this is a question of personal taste. What everyone can agree on is that having more pixels per inch makes better experience and the winner of this category is tablet with best display in terms of PPI (pixels per inch). And that is the super sharp Dell Venue 8 7000

Max. quality for small price

This is the only category where Apple doesn’t stand a chance. Its premium Ipads are rocking solid and cool but too pricey. Winner of this category must be a model with price tag below 300$ that has decent performance (min. 2GB RAM and 10GB Disc) and HD screen with more than 200 pixels per inch. And our winner is a lightweight android tablet with long battery life and bright high resolution display. Our winner is Lenovo Tab 2 A10 

3 best games to play this year

3-best-games

Dear friends, if you’ve clicked this post to get some info on fun stuff like new games, I’ll have to disappoint you. This post entry is here only to boost few websites so it will contain many links to places you don’t really want to visit unless you’ve got too much time on hand and want to waist it.

Let’s start-

  1. Gummy Drop Game – released for mobile phones, never for desktops but still, here’s a website claiming that Gummy drop really exists as online game, link: gummydrop-game.com

2. Same thing with Cookie jam, no one ever heard of desktop version, yet- voila (meaning of voila).

To bring this painful list to an end, here’s one more:

3. Strike force heroes HACKED – now, this game at least exists. And is unblocked which means you can go through levels easy. In my opinion it makes no sense to play hacked game but world is a place of diversity and not everyone thinks the same as me 🙂

http://strikeforceheroes3.com/hacked/

Varanasi pictures and boat ride

To really see the Varanasi is to see the Ghats (series of steps leading to holy river)- and what better way than from the river Ganges. Boat rides are offered almost anywhere. Most popular times are sunrise and sunset. Sunset boat ride will provide the view of ceremony on the Ghat, which can also be seen from a rooftop of a hotel.

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Beautiful Varanasi Ghats
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Everyday Holy Ceremony on Varanasi Ghat seen from above
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We took boat ride at 6 am (sunset). In the back you can see a burning ghat (where dead people are cremated).

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Global Vipassana Pagoda in Mumbai

Global Pagoda is listed in Lonely Planet as number one attraction in Mumbai. Indeed, it’s a fabulous building for it’s unique architecture- It is the words biggest hall made entirely by locked bricks technique- There are no walls or pillars inside the Pagoda, just massive open space that can easily fit 8 000 people inside.

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Inside area of Global Vipassana Pagoda

Global or Gold Pagoda

Pagoda is all covered in Gold. It is not done for the show-off. There is a big symbolic reason behind this. As Budha realised Nibana (as he awoke to the reality) his face was glowing. Pagoda glows as well as to great the quality of Awakeness.

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The purpose of this pagoda may be best illustrated by these words.

Visiting Pagoda

You can attend a ten minute meditation course or visit photo gallery that nicely illustrates the life of Buddha in more than 50 pictures.

You won’t stay hungry in Global Pagoda, there is a nice restaurant that serves indian dishes and fruit shakes.

If you want to support the place you can give donation on the spot.

There is usually a guid on the spot who can talk to you about the Buddha, the Dhamma (teaching of the Buddha) and meditation. Don’t worry, you don’t need to tip him, he is a volunteer, and happy to help.

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Global Pagoda as seen from the boat.

S. N. Goenka

Mr. Goenka is a well known vipassana meditation teacher who helped thousands of people establish in the wonderful technique of meditation called Vipassana. Mr. Goenka died in year 2013. but the seeds of practice that he planted are giving fruit as more and more people discover the peace and bliss that comes from Vipassana meditation. You can join a 10-day course of Vipassana meditation, it’s free.

Visiting Pagoda is totally free. More about Global Pagoda on official website.

Traveling by Train in India

Your trip to India is not complete without a train ride. Train ride is much like the whole India- unpredictable, versatile and mysterious.  If you’re open-hearted you might mingle with local people and you’ll have enough time to make new friends. Choose first class coach for your first travel, but later or if you feel brave enough, go for the sleeper class- that’s where real India is.

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My new friend Sultan

 

Now for the practicalities:

Buying the ticket

You should purchase the ticket in advance because there is a big demand. You can do it online on cleartrip.com . The registration process is complicated because of indian laws that ask for you to have an indian mobile number which of course you don’t have and there is a workaround.

Indian Railway Waitlists- you can buy a place on train or a place on waitlist. There are some online sites that predict if you’ll get the place on that train or not, such as – trainman.in

You can buy ticket on train station. I also heard the rumor that every ride has a quota for tourists so as a tourist you might get a place on train even when someone else would be put on waiting list.

Some hotels provide train booking services and for a small fee (bribe) they can get you the place directly and skip the waitlist.

Food and drinks in train

There is no shortage of snacks, lunches, drinks, chai on the train. Sellers constantly go through all the coaches and offer those things.

Be aware – Cases are known of foreigners being drugged on trains so don’t accept any free drinks.

Accommodation and Cleanness

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Bunk bed in first class
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Vegetarian lunch in Train

Trains are mostly clean and sanitised. In first class sleeper you’ll get a bed and clean sheet and pillow.

Laundry service in India

If you’ve been to Thailand you probably enjoyed the ease and simplicity of washing the laundry because they have laundry shops on every corner – Not in India.

India provides fewer laundry shops and the quality of service is different. Places near Ganges wash in the river and sometimes dry on the floor (which can be dusty), see the image:

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Indian Women doing the washing
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Drying of the laundry on a sunny day

 

Price of laundry service

The service is charged by number of peaces of clothes. A pair of socks will cost the same as a heavy jacket.

Quality of laundry service

Laundry is washed in cold water and there is no colour dividing of the clothes- no need for that since it’s washed in cold. And as mentioned, sometimes washing is done in the river.

 

What kind of shoes to bring to India

India is big and the weather is much different depending on the exact location. Weather is also dictated by the time of the year. Dry season means a lot of dust everywhere, while the raining season brings moisture and mud.

You should avoid bringing your best pair of shoes or snickers because walking surfaces in India are uneven and dirty so there is a big chance of shoe damage. My girlfriend brought new pair of Adidas shoes to India, and guess what, after India she had to buy another pair.

Best bet is to bring durable trekking shoes that are also comfortable. Take waterproof shoes if you plan to go in rainy season.

Also, if you are going in winter time, take some flip flops. Bathroom floor might be very cold so that’s why. Actually, take flip flops always because bathroom floors are wet- read more about wet floor bathroom.

Buying Medicine in India – Indian Pharmacy

There in no shortage of pharmacies in India. Be aware that many are Ayurvedic pharmacies and don’t sell real medicine. Pharmacy can be a closed space with white walls and neon banner advertising some cosmetic product but more often it will look like this- unattractive open space with a sign:

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Pharmacy in India

 

The pharmacist might not wear white but don’t worry, he is a professional. Most of the medicine is treated like OTC medicine. Antibiotics, analgesics and other medicine that needs prescription in the west doesn’t need the prescription in India.

When buying medicine you might get just a blister filled with pills, not the whole package. Don’t count on getting usage instructions as well. The pharmacist will explain how to use the medicine.

If you want to avoid getting sick than check out the hygiene things and drinking water issues.

What kind of bathroom to expect in India?

You’ll encounter two types of toilets in India- locals call them

  • Indian toilet – you don’t sit on it, instead you squat
  • English toilet – you sit on it, europe-like toilet

Most hotels and guesthouses will have English toilet. Most of low cost accommodation will not provide toilet paper with it.

Find out more about hygiene standards in India

Low budget accommodation will provide a shower installed above the toilet, it’s called wet floor bathroom. You might get a hand soap and you might not.

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Wet floor bathroom in budget hotel

Average meal price in India

Here are few images from menus in low/ medium budget restaurants. Prices are from January 2015 so if you’re reading this much later prices might be very different:

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Prices of Indian Food in USD

Main dishes: from 1 USD to 2 USD

Drinks and Chai: from 0.5 USD to 1 USD

Mumbai has 50% higher prices than rest of India.

Hygiene shocks to expect in India

Here are some unexpected hygiene issues I encountered in India:

  • Dirty beddings – Low and middle budget hotels will not change sheets for new guests, they change sheets once a month or so. If you prefer not to sleep in same sheets as a previous few guest ask hosts to put clean sheets
  • Even clean sheets are not really clean – Indians wash the laundry in cold water, sometimes also in rivers (Varanasi is a good example of river washing) so some stains will stay on the bedding.

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    Wet floor bathroom
  • Wet floor bathroom – your bathroom might look like on the picture- shower is attached to the wall which makes the floor wet with water and soap. TheSink might also leave its things on the floor. It happened to me that I washed the teeth and felt some fluid dropping on my feet- just to realize that the sink has a big hole and no discharge pipe.
  • Cows shitting everywhere – religious places like Haridwar, Varanasi, Rishikesh- they are filled with cows which leaves a big amount of cow dung.

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    Pigs eating next to garbage container
  • All kind of animals eating garbage – India is full of garbage and cows, buffalos, pigs, monkeys- they all feed there
  • No toilet paper – the only expansive thing in India is toilet paper because locals don’t use it, they use left hand for dirty work. You can bring your own toilet paper, buy it or do like the locals do.
  • Spitting on streets – it is OK to spit on the streets of India, don’t be surprised if, every once in a while. your taxi drivers opens the window to spit- that’s perfectly ok and not showing bad manners
  • Using hands for serving food and eating – Indians are practical folks, they have a saying “Why would I use fork when God gave me 5 fingers”. That doesn’t mean that the food is dirty because of it. They wash their hands very often and avoid using left hand when touching the food (for the reason look under “no toilet paper” bullet)

India is very noisy

This is not hygienic shock but for me it’s still a shock – Hindus believe that if they make noise gods will hear them. In traffic – car blinkers are rarely used. Instead, indians preffer to use honks. Traffic roads are full of honking noise.

Drinking Water in India

Here are a few tips on how to stay healthy in India when it comes to water. Water is not drinkable in almost all parts of India. 

Not even in the north near the Himalayas. The best precaution you can take is to buy bottled water. When buying water make sure it is properly closed and that the bottom of the plastic bottle is untouched. The cases are known of sellers filling up the empty bottles with water from the water pipe and selling it as drinking water.

When you finish the bottle please destroy it to prevent someone from filling it again and selling as drinking water.

Find out what happens when you let some water enter your mouth while showering

When you take shower be sure that not even a drop of water reaches your mouth. Wash your toothbrush with drinking water as well.

Is drinking Chai or Tea safe in India?

Boiled water is fine so don’t worry about your tea, you’re safe drinking it.

Water in restaurants and bars

They use filtered water which is safe for drinking but you can also order mineral bottled water.

List of Scams in India

Most of the scams in India are innocent – they will not endanger you but only make you pay something more than it’s worth.

Here are a few I faced, please let me know if you know of others as well:

  • barber scam- guy approaches you and offers to shave you- you arrange the price in advance as well. After he shaves you he gives you a neck massage, and head massage, even back massage- at the end he asks for a much bigger amount because he massaged you which was not included in first price
  • Currency scam- someone might offer you a boat ride, tour guide or some other service- after you agree on the price which is, let’s say 100, and when the service is provided, that someone will say he meant Dollars or Euros, not Rupees
  • Your hotel is closed scam- when entering one city by train or plain or bus, person (sometimes even carrying government badge) will approach to ask where you’re staying- and what a coincidence,  your hotel/ guesthouse is closed. But don’t worry, the same person can provide excellent, and low-cost alternative. More about this scam
  • Free-gift scam- someone approaches you and offer to do the Henna (natural tattoo) for free because they like you or you’re their first customer today. They might offer any other service as well. After drawing few lines with Hanna they say that next few lines will cost you only 100 Rupees. And you realise that there is no such thing as a free lunch in India.
  • Added tax scam- you want to exchange the money and agree on the rate but suddenly you’re getting less money that you agreed upon- the reason- some imaginary tax that you need to pay. It can happen with taxi driver as well, taxi-meter says 500 but the price is 600 because of the same tax

Word of warning- sometimes extra taxis will be applied but that should be clear to you before you purchase the product or service.

How to bargain with a Taxi driver?

If you know the regular price in advance tell the driver- can you take me to e.g. Leopolds Caffe for 100 Rupees? If he says no- leave to find another one. Chances are, he will go after you and say- 100 Rupees is OK.

If you ask for the price than the driver might say- 300 Rupees to Leopolds. If you try to lower it to 100 it might not work for you because the driver assumes that you don’t know how much it’s worth- if you did you would approach him with offered price.

If you don’t have an idea of how much the drive should cost you can ask a few taxi drivers or bluff and say “Leopolds caffe for 100 Rupees” although you have no idea how much it should cost.

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Rikshaw in Rishikesh

Some taxis have taxi-meter. Unlike in Thailand where you want to pay by taxi-meter, in India some drivers have “broken” taxi-meters that show exaggerated prices.

How to get free from people constantly offering something on the street

It is indescribable how tired one can get from constant nagging. Unfortunately, tourist places in India (Rishikesh, Varanasi, Agra…) are a non-stop sources of that.

If you’re a tourist, especially white-skinned one, you IMG_2127will be offered rickshaw, Taxi, Shopping, Food, MoneyChange, Hashish, Guide and many other things. You will be asked for a few rupee tip, presented with a gift that is not really a gift, False Swamis (holly people) will want to bless you and barbers will want to shave you.

The people who are nagging you are usually poor indian people trying to survive and make ends meet. They are many times aware of the disturbance they couse you yet they don’t know of any better way to earn the livelihood. So please respect them, don’t insult them and don’t yell. They are usually good hearted and sensible people willing to ride you all day in a bicycle rickshaw for few Rupees.

Tips on how to get free from baggers and sellers

  • Try to look as a local, that way you’ll attract less attention
  • Avoid looking at the goods of a potential pushy seller- if he spots even a millisecond of your look he will try to sell
  • Don’t look to much around you because they will think you need something and offer you everything – I know that as a tourist you want to look around but be warned
  • When they approach you be kind but firm when saying NO
  • Do not go into further elaboration after NO, just repeat it if the person doesn’t go away
  • Be on the move, don’t stop to talk
  • If the person is still persistent and following you than stop, turn to that person and very strictly say “stop following me or I’ll call the police”
  • In Mumbai baggers have a method of touching you and pulling your sleeve- same rule goes here- be gentle but strict

 

Arriving to Delhi, India safe – Warnings for first time visitors

This is my experience so please use it as a warning. I came to Delhi in the middle of the night by plane. I had a hotel pre booked so I felt safe. You have 2 options, to use regular taxi or a pre-paid taxi service. I was advised to use the prepaid taxi and that’s what I did. I asked the taxi driver if he knows the place I’m going to (hotel name) and he affirmed that he does. When we started our ride he asked me if this is my first time in India. I said “yes” and that was a big mistake. I should have said third time or something like that.

After some time of driving the driver says he doesn’t know where the hotel is. Funny thing about Delhi and India in general is that there are no street address. Our hotels address was “near main railroad”.

If taxi driver knows this is your first time in India he will take you to some tourist office where they will try to sell you another hotel, maybe even lie that your hotel is closed.

In my case the hotel was really closed, at least for me. The owner decided to sell my room to someone else although I paid it in advance. To cut the story short, I couldn’t find alternative accomodation in Delhi under reasonable price so I went to Rishikesh.

Arriving to delhi for first time – useful tips:

  • if your airplane arrives at night wait for the morning before leaving the airport. It’s safer and you’ll save money because taxis charge extra for night
  • Take pre- paid taxi. You’ll get a receipt which you need to keep until the driver brings you to the destination, than hand it to him. He will get paid only if he returns with the receipt. My driver asked me for receipt as soon as we left the airport and I was naive to hand it to him.
  • Tell taxi personnel that you have visited India 3 times already
  • Don’t accept any detours to tourist offices, other hotels etc.
  • If your hotel doesn’t have address than prepare detailed instructions on how to get to the place

All you need to know about Bodhgaya, India

Bodhgaya is for buddhists what Mecca is for muslims. It is the place Gotama Buddha chose for his biggest life project – self awakening. He set under the Bodhi Tree for 40 days. That exact spot is clearly marked by the tree and the stupa (the tree is a close relative from the original Bodhi tree).

Arriving to Bodhgaya

  • You can come by plane to Gaya and than take taxi to Bodhgaya. I think airplanes from Mumbai and Delhi go directly to Gaya few times a week
  • By train from Varanasi or some other place- from Varanasi it takes about 4 hours
  • By bus or by taxi – road traffic in India is very slow, but if you want the luxury of traveling alone with the driver, the taxi will cost you around 7 000 Rupees.

Price of accomodation

Bodhgaya offers a lot of accommodation which is cheap and better (cleaner) than in most of India.

Be aware that sometimes, e.g. when Dalai Lama decides to visit Bodhgaya, it can get very crowded. Some speak of 200 000 people attending  those Pujas (holy ceremony).

Some very nice guesthouses are not listed on online services such as Booking.com. Here are 2 very nice guesthouses:

Harsh & Yash guesthouse  – we payed 900 Rupee a night for a nice room with bathroom and terace

Mohameds restaurant

Mohammad’s House – cheap and nice for a long stay, accompanied with a great restaurant

Places to see

Big Stupa in Mahabodhi Temple

You will probably spend most of the time near Bodhy Tree – in Mahabodhi Temple. You’ll see many monks and lay people over there, all absorbing the energy of the place. Some stay and meditate overnight in a mosquito nets. For that experience you’ll need to pay few hundred Rupees but it’s worth it.

There are many temples around, Thai temple, Nepalese, Tibetan, Lao and others. You can join Puja in Thai temple in the morning and check how tibetans spend their time in the afternoon.

How to prevent and cure Diarrhea in India

Some statistics say that 80% of tourists get some kind of stomach issues in India. I don’t know if it’s true but I’m the one of those “lucky ones” who got a worse case of Diarrhoea in India.

Diarrhoea prevention tips

  • Never drink unfiltered water. Use only bottled water and make sure it was properly closed when you bought it.
  • When washing your toothbrush use bottled water
  • When you shower keep your mouth closed
  • Don’t eat street food especially in hot season when flies spread bacteria.
  • Use dry-cleaning gel on your hands before eating
  • Inform yourself about popular eating places- lonely planet has plenty of info

How to cure Diarrhoea?

Diarrhoea can cure on it’s own if you’re patient. When it happens, the body looses water and minerals. Therefor, it is important to drink water and add some salt to it- or you can use rehydromix solutions sold at any pharmacy. Avoid eating any food.

If your digestion flora is damaged than your body has a problem keeping water and minerals, they go out of the body. In that case you can use Carbo medicine. If problems don’t go away you might need to use antibiotic to kill the bacteria.

Is Indian Food spicy?

Yes and no- indian food can be spicy but they use green chilli, not the red one.

Green chilli is spicy but, unlike red chilli, it is good for the stomach. You won’t get diarrhea from green chilli. Which doesn’t mean you’ll avoid diarrhea in India. Almost 80% of travelers do experience problems but mostly because water is polluted with bacteria and some food has bacteria as well- especially if it’s in contact with flies.

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Menu in Nirvana Restaurant, Rishikesh
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Tipical Indian dish

 

What to do in Rishikesh?

There are 3 things people come to Rishikesh for-

  1. Hiking/ Trekking
  2. Yoga
  3. Hindu Spirituality

If you like trekking you’ll love rishikesh. It is situated just on the gateway to Himalaya. 5 000 meter Tops are nearby.

Also, Rishikesh is world yoga center with more than 100 Yoga places and ashrams. Almost everyone does yoga in Rishikesh.

If you like chanting, Hindu religion and singing, you’ll love Ghat ceremonies  at Parmarth Niketen Ashram

Where to stay in Rishikesh?

If you come from New Delhi, Rishikesh will seem like a quiet place, if from anywhere else in a world it will be a busy, noisy place full of cow manure .

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Cows all over Rishikesh

 

If you’re in Yoga stay in one of many ashrams, we recommend Omkarananda Ashram guest house. It has nice view of Ganges (but you need to ask for a room with the view), and a great yoga workshops. You need to book your place in advance.

Parmarth Niketen Ashram is a story in itself, it is one of the biggest in India with 1 2000 rooms. It is a very noisy place. If you don’t like the 3 hours of chanting on the Ghat it’s not for you.

Most peaceful place in Rishikes and the only place where you won’t be aggressively offered to buy souvenirs, hashish or anything else is a swiss cottage. Swiss cottage is a chill-out place where backpackers gather. It is in a hill but only 10 minutes walk from the action (ghats, markets).

In swiss cottage you’ll find many guesthouses and great restaurants. Greatest of them all is Nirvana

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Me in Nirvana restaurant

 

We stayed at the holliday home, it is a budget place with clean rooms. Surprisingly for the price range, you get complementary water and toilet papers- you learn to appreciate such a gesture in India. Raj, the guy who runs the place, is very friendly and he organises great trekkings like Kunjapuri Trekking.

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Kunjapuri trekking

 

How much and how to tip in India?

Taxi/ Rickshaw

If you arrange the price in advance than you’re not expected to tip. If your taxi is going by the meter it is customary to tip around 5% of the amount.

In Mumbai, one driver, after taking me to destination, showed me the note saying that service charge is 5%. Sometimes, taxi driver might try to charge you something extra for the parking or for the highroad which is fine if you really used the parking or a high road.

Sometimes, the taxi driver might be pushy and ask for the tip, feel free to reject.

Restaurants

If you’re happy with the service you can leave anything from 1% to 10%. Some restaurants have service charge included which is visible on the bill. In that case you don’t need to leave anything extra.

Tourist restaurants are more prone to expecting the tip than those serving mostly locals.

The correct way to tip in restaurant is to pay and when the waiter returns with the change you leave the tip. Don’t tell them to round up the bill in advance, that might confuse them.

Street food

Many foreigners avoid street food for hygiene reasons but if you are brave enough to go for it you should know that you’re not expected to tip. You can even try to bargain on the price.

Where to exchange money when traveling India?

Airports offer the worst exchange rate so if you arrive by plane and need some Indian Rupees for taxi you should exchange small amount of money (50 EUR or USD is minimum), and later exchange the rest.

Most of the hotels will provide reasonable exchange rates for buying Indian Rupees. If you really want to get the best deal you should visit street exchange offices and ask on few places. The rate might vary. Most of them will not display the rate publicly and sometimes you can even bargain.

Exchanging money in banks will not provide the rate as good as on the street but it’s safe.

Avoid suspicious guys on streets that offer money exchange as they might cheat you. Money forgery is also not rear, especially with 500 Rupee notes.

It’s good to have smaller bank notes with you all the time (20 and 50 Rupee) because taxi and ricksha drivers might not have a cache with them and might not be able to return the rest of 500 Rupees.

How to edit Hosts File on Mac when it’s locked/disabled

If you tried to edit Hosts file from Finder and encountered this problem/ error:

You don’t own the file “hosts” and don’t have permission to write to it.

then you should change the content of Hosts via Terminal, which will work fine.

Changing Hosts file in Terminal- Instructions

  1. go to Terminal
  2. Enter this: sudo nano /private/etc/hosts
  3. You might need to enter the password that you use for your Mac account
  4. Edit Hosts file, first part of the line is the IP and the second part is  domain, for example:
    1.       178.218.174.68  website.com www.website.com
  5. To Save click control+ O and hit enter
  6. That’s it, your Hosts file is successfully edited.

 

The 10 Perfections

The 10 Perfections are like yard sticks. We check on them to see how much progress we’ve made in our spiritual path. These 10 qualities are universal and can be applied in by the Agnostic, Atheist or a Believer.

Here is the video explanation of the perfections:

Ten perfections are (english and Pali):

  1. Generosity – Dāna pāramī
  2. Morality – Sīla pāramī
  3. Renunciation – Nekkhamma pāramī
  4. Wisdom – Paññā pāramī
  5. Energy – Viriya pāramī
  6. Patience – Khanti pāramī
  7. Truthfulness – Sacca pāramī
  8. Resolution – Adhiṭṭhāna pāramī
  9. Lovingkindness – Mettā pāramī
  10. Equanimity – Upekkhā pāramī

The Five Precepts – Buddha’s Teachings Explained

Five Precepts present the moral foundation. Morality is one of the three aspects that all Buddha’s teachings fit into. The other two are Mindfulness and Wisdom.

Without morality, leading a peaceful and serene life is impossible. On the other hand living morally and in accord with the precepts leeds to happy and peaceful life, it makes a fertile ground for cultivation of mindfulness and wisdom.

Buddha presented more discipline standards:

  • 5 precepts for the lay people (everyday people)
  • 8 or 10 precepts for Renunciates (those who want to actively progress in the eightfold path- other 3 or 5 precepts are not moral but training rules)
  • 227 precepts for buddhist monks (with detailed explanations for each of those in the book of Patimokkha)

The 5 Precepts in English and in Pali (ancient Buddha’s language) are:

  1. I undertake the training rule to abstain from killing.
    Pāṇātipātā veramaṇī sikkhāpadaṃ samādiyāmi.
  2. I undertake the training rule to abstain from taking what is not given.
    Adinnādānā veramaṇī sikkhāpadaṃ samādiyāmi.
  3. I undertake the training rule to avoid sexual misconduct.
    Kāmesumicchācāra veramaṇī sikkhāpadaṃ samādiyāmi.
  4. I undertake the training rule to abstain from false speech.
    Musāvādā veramaṇī sikkhāpadaṃ samādiyāmi.
  5. I undertake the training rule to abstain from fermented drink that causes heedlessness.
    Surāmerayamajjapamādaṭṭhānā veramaṇī sikkhāpadaṃ samādiyāmi.[6]

When those are taken officially with the Buddhist Monk, it is a custom to repeat each of the rules 3 times.

These five precepts should not be taken as an “obligation”. On the contrary, Buddha describes them as five gifts. If we are serious about our moral discipline we receive the fruits/ gifts in this very life.

For a more detailed elaboration on Five Precepts please view this Video: